Eid ul Azha is day of sacrifice of animals for the Muslims. The word “QURBANI” has root word QRB in Arabic language. The celebrated reflects the meaning as “to become closer”.
Hence, the sacrifice of a livestock animal on 10th Zilhajj makes the believers closer to Allah.
Allah has used the word “QURBAN” in the Holy Quran for three times. Chapter Maidah verse 27, Al-Imran verse, 183 and Al-Ahqaaf verse 28 clearly present the word Qurban.
Allah has also used the words “Huda and Nasak” for sacrifice in the Holy Quran. The word Huda represents the sacrifice in the Mina field at the time of pilgrimage of Makkah (Saudia Arabia) on Eid ul Azha.
In fact, Allah wants to create a difference between the senses of sacrifice. The word “Qurabaan” in the Holy Quran shows the sacrifice to get closer to Allah (the God). Whereas, the word “Huda” shows the sacrifice of a livestock animal, specifically made on the 10th Zilhajj on Eid ul Azha.
However, the scholars of Fiqah define the word “Qurbaan” differently. Fiqah scholars say, “Qurbaan means to sacrifice a livestock animal for three purposes”.
According to Fiqah, sacrifice an animal shows that one wants to get goodwill of Allah, thanksgiving to Allah or as Kafaarah alternative to a wrong done.
And the Holy Quran says that one should perform pilgrimage to Allah’s house Kaaba. While one is on the way to pilgrimage and could not reach the Kaaba. He should sacrifice whatever type of a livestock animal is available.
Therefore, sacrificing the livestock animal is an integral part of the pilgrimage on Eid ul Azha.
The Holy Prophet offered the sacrifice of a livestock animal for ten years in Madina on Eid ul Azha. However, he performed pilgrimage for once only on 10th Hijrah. (Tirmizi Sharif)
Hajj and Umrah are the rights of Allah towards the believers. So, Allah says in the Holy Quran, “Complete the Umrah and hajj for goodwill of Allah.” (Albaqrah: 196)
Allah says, “He accepts the sacrifice of only Mutaqeen (abstainers from sins).” (Almaidah: 27)
Islam does not restrict the meaning of sacrifice to merely a ritual on Eid ul Azha. It means that a believer should hold the truth, his life and death for Allah alone.
The purpose of sacrifice is to make the believer a Mutaqi (abstainer from sins).
The word “Udhiyah” reflects an animal related to anaam class (i-e sheep, cow, goat, cow and camel etc). A sacrifice is an act of worship on Eid ul Azha.
Udhiyah is Sunnah Mau,akkidah. The person who has the ability to do sacrifice, should do it. A man can offer sacrifice either by himself or on his own behalf for family.
The Holy Prophet sacrificed two white rams speckled with black. He slaughtered them with his own hands. He said, “Allah Akbar, and put his foot on their neck.”
Uqbah said, “Oh messenger of Allah! I got a sheep of six months old.” The Holy Prophet replied that offer it as a sacrifice.”
The muslim should not eat and drink on the sacrifice day unless he slaughters the animal after Eid prayer. Similarly, he should not cut nails and have a hair-cut till sacrifice ten days before Eid ul Azha.