Linguist is the scientific study of natural language. Linguistic covers a number of sub-fields. Moreover, the Linguistics is the study of grammar, structure, and pragmatic.
Is defines morphology (the formation of words)
The Syntax tell the rules that explain how words combine into sentences and words.
The Phonetics related branch of linguistics concerned with actual properties of speech sounds. Other subdivisions of linguistic include are following.
This branch of linguistic dealt with origins of Language.
The historical linguistic defines language.
The Sociolinguistics looks at the relation between the linguistic variation as well as social structures.
Psycholinguistic explore the representation and the functioning of language in the mind.
The Neurolinguistics look at the sign of language in the brain
However, this explains how children acquire their first language and how children adults learn their second language.
That tell with the structure of text and conversation. Moreover, this is pragmatics with how meaning is transformed based on a mixture of linguistic and context of the speech act.
however, Is the study of the sounds as discrete and abstract elements in the speaker mind that different meaning?
This deals with natural and human contact systems in animals compared human language.
Similarly, this is deal with the language change over time.
This is a study of geographical sharing of languages and features.
This is a study of the variation in language and its relationship with social factors.
This is the study of the cognitive process and signs underlying the language use.
This is a study of linguistic factors that place a discourse in context.
This is the study of the development of the linguistic ability in an individual. Moreover, a language in childhood.
This is a study of the computational implement of linguistic structure.
This is a study of the common properties of the unrelated language. Moreover, its properties may give, sufficient evidence, be certain to be native human language capacity.
Linguistic structures are pairing of the meaning and form; such pairing is also called as Saussurean signs. Furthermore, Linguistic structure shows that language tends to make around grammatical categories like a noun, pronoun, and nominative, past and present though importantly, not exclusively etc.
On the other hand, the grammar of a language organized around such fundamental categories through various languages express the relationships between syntax and word in other ways. Similarly, Chomsky’s book Syntactic structures which formal grammar of a fragment of English, in addition, the most detailed descriptions of the linguistic systems was of phonological & morphology systems.
In addition, Chomsky said the free grammars have written for substantial fragments of languages. Similarly, it has confirmed that human languages include cross-serial dependencies, which cannot handle by context-free grammars.
Description and prescription
Linguistics describes features of the language without making subjective judgments. Moreover, it defines particular features right and wrong.
On the other side, is an attempt to promote particular linguistic usages over others, often define a particular dialect or acrolect. Moreover, this may have the aim of finding a linguistic standard that can aid contact over the large geological area.
Writing and speech
Speech appears to be universal to all human beings capable of making and hearing it. On the other hand, there have many cultures that lack written contact.
Speech evolved before human being intended writing
People learn to speak and the process has spoken languages much earlier.
School of study
There are a wide variety of forms to linguistic study. Moreover, these can divide into formalist approaches. Similarly, the Formalist approaches stress the linguistic forms .in addition, it’s evidence for the structure of language within the linguistic system.
The theory is modularity in character. Formal linguistics defines for studying linguistics. Moreover, though Chomsky’s writings have also much criticism.