Ramadan Month Fasting
Ramadan month fasting offers great benefits to the Muslims. Hazrat Huzaifa narrates that Hazrat Umar once asked, “Any one of you remember any Hadith regarding (Fitna) trial, distress?” Hazrat Huzaifa replied, “I heard the Holy Prophet said the family, assets and neighbor are trials for a person. Prayer (Salah), the fasting and charity overcome this trial.”
(Sahih Bukhari, 1895)
“Hazrat Ayesha narrates that Hazrat Bilal used to give Azaan a little before dawn.Therefore, the Holy Prophet order people to keep on eating and drinking till Ibn e Umm e maktoom give Azaan.”
(Sahih Bukhari, 1918)
Abdullah bin Masud reported that the Messenger of Allah had said: Bilal would pronounce Adhan (at the fag end of the night in order to inform the people about the time of the Sahri). So you eat and drink till you hear the Adhan of Ibn Umm Makhtum (which was Pronounced at the conclusion of the Sahri and the commencement of the fast).
(Sahih Muslim, 2399)
The difference between the two Azaans was a short one. One person was going up while the other coming down.
The companion mentioned the span of the time between the Fajr prayer and Suhr is recitation of 50 verses (ayaats).
Umar reported, “Allah’s Messenger as saying: when the night approaches and the day retreats and the sun sinks down, then the observer of the fast should break it.”
The Holy Prophet forbade people from fasting ahead one, two days of Ramadan. In this case, He allowed only those who used to observe fast in daily life.
The Islamic fast differs from the fast of the people of the Book (Jews, Christians). The Muslims eat and drink in the morning while the people of the Book do not.
The Holy Prophet said, “The people should take upon the burden of the deeds for which they have strength. He did not say that the people should go beyond their strength in worship.”
Similarly, He forbade the people from observing the fast continuously.
Saum Wisaal refers to observing the fast without Sahri (eating and drinking in the morning).
Ramadan month fasting Suhr Time and Saum Wisaal
Ibn Umar said that the Apostle of Allah forbade uninterrupted fasting. They (some of the companions) said: You yourself fast uninterruptedly (Saum Wisaal), whereupon he said: I am not like you. I am fed and supplied drink (by Allah).
This shows the Prophet has the highest position in the sight of Allah. The people cannot be like him completely. The Holy Prophet used to observe fast continuously without any Suhr (Sahri). However, He forbade his companion from following.
In spite of the Holy Prophet saying, some of the companions kept following him in ramadan month fasting. So, the Holy Prophet came and observed fast with the companions in the end of the Ramadan month. He continued observing the fast without Sahri until the Moon of Eid ul Fitre sighted.
The Holy Prophet said, “I would keep on observing the fast uninterruptedly, had the Moon not been sighted.”
The narrations prove that the Holy Prophet disliked the people who observe Saum Wisaal. He said, “If the month of the Ramadan continued for greater time, He, would also kept on fasting. Until, the followers get back.”
The Holy Prophet also kissed his one of wives during the fasting. Hence, a person could kiss his wife while observing the fast. His fasting shall remain.
Just like this, Allah also allowed the people to have intercourse with wife at night in Ramadan. Actually, in the beginning, a person could not have intercourse with wife. The people used to do in keeping the other in dark.
But, Allah knows the all. So, He allowed the people to have intercourse with wife at night in Ramadan month fasting.
The observer of the fast must not find fault with the person who does not observe the fast. As a Hadith reports as follow.
“Abu Sa’id al Khudri reported: We went out on an expedition with the Messenger of Allah during Ramadan and neither the observer of the fast was found fault with for his fasting, nor the breaker of the fast for breaking it.”
(Sahih Muslim, 2479)